Island of RHODES: 4 kilometers of medieval

SUBSCRIBE ► - Greek island of Rhodes - the medieval walls and fortifications. Let's travel to Greece and let's visit the Greek island of Rhodes (Rodos) so that we can see the fortifications of the town of Rhodes which are shaped like a defensive crescent around the medieval town of Rhodes and in the form of a huge wall made of an embankment encased in stone, equipped with bastions, towers and a moat. They walls of Rhodes were built by the Knights Hospitaller of Saint John by enhancing the existing Byzantine walls starting from 1309, the year in which they took possession of the island after a three-year struggle.
Like most of the defensive walls they were built with a technique called rubble masonry which allows for a great mass capable of withstanding the gunshots with smooth external stone faces to avoid climbing.
The defence of different portions of fortifications was assigned to different Langue (tongues) of Knights. The North face was under the rule of the Grand Master, then moving West and South the posts were held by the Langue of France and Alvernia, the Langue of Spain (Spanish and Portuguese), the Langue of Germany (English and German), and the Langue of Italy.
Rhodes, the largest of Greece’s Dodecanese islands, is known for its beach resorts, ancient ruins and remnants of its occupation by the Knights of St. John during the Crusades. The city of Rhodes has an Old Town featuring the medieval Street of the Knights and the castlelike Palace of the Grand Masters. Captured by the Ottomans and then held by the Italians, the palace is now a history museum.
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